How well do you know about instant noodles? This fast food is very popular in Indonesian society. In addition to the easy way of serving it, the cheap price, and the delicious taste, instant noodles are very popular with many people.

But often we hear about the dangers of consuming instant noodles. Actually, are instant noodles that dangerous? The exact answer is yes instant noodles can harm health if consumed in excess, because of the high salt content and preservatives.

How well do you know about instant noodles? don’t worry, the preservative content is still within the safe limit of daily intake if only consumed once a day.  In addition, instant noodles have also been enriched with vitamins and minerals as a result of the fortification program. But still, instant noodles should not be consumed too often. According to nutritionist Leona Victoria Djajadi, instant noodles can be consumed a maximum of 4 times a month or once a week

Reporting from FatSecret Indonesia, one packet of instant noodles contains 300-400 kcal of calories depending on the instant noodle brand. For example, a packet of fried Indomie contains 380 kcal calories, 14 grams of fat, 8 grams of protein, and 54 grams of carbohydrates.

It is also interesting to know how the process of making instant noodles. The stages of making instant noodles consist of mixing the dough, resting the dough, forming dough sheets, and cutting, steaming, drying, and frying.

The dough in the form of flour, eggs, and water is mixed with a tool until the dough is evenly mixed. Then, the dough is put into a roll-press to form noodle sheets. After that, the noodles are steamed in a tunnel filled with moisture, making the noodles yellow and half cooked.

Then, the noodles are dried with a strong evaporating fan and fried. The heating process in this oil will evaporate the water, making instant noodles with a hard structure. This evaporation of water content also makes the water content of instant noodles very low so that they have a long shelf life

There are so many noodle products on the market, including ramen and udon. Actually, what is the difference between the two? Is it just a different name? It turns out that the two types of noodles originating from Japan have several differences.

Although both are made from wheat flour, they differ in shape and thickness. Ramen has a distinctive shape and is long, thin, and curly like instant noodles from Indonesia. Meanwhile, udon has a thicker size which generally has a diameter of up to 6 mm.

Apart from the shape, the difference between ramen and udon can also be seen from the way it is served. Usually, ramen is served with a golden yellow broth at a hot temperature, while udon is served with a thick sauce that is pale white in colour with hot or cold temperatures.

Now you know the safe limits for consuming instant noodles so as not to endanger your health. Hopefully, it can increase youre knowledge and apply it to daily life!

Contributor: Choirunnisa 4th semester student of Bachelor of Nutrition, FKM UI

Reference: 1. Bahaya BTP (Bahan Tambahan Pangan) pada Mi Instan [Internet]. BPOM; 2016 [cited 7 June 2020]. Available from: http://ik.pom.go.id/v2016/artikel/Bahaya%20BPT_Bahan%20Tambahan%20Pangan_%20pada%20Mi%20Instan%20.pdf
2. Homecare24.id. Makan Mie Instan Tidak Sehat? Ini 8 Fakta Sebenarnya! [Internet]. Medium. 2020 [cited 15 June 2020]. Available from: :https://medium.com/@homecare24.blog/makan-mie-instan-tidak-sehat-ini-8-fakta-sebenarnya-19a6b4357e6b
3. Kalori dalam Indomie Mi Goreng dan Fakta Gizi [Internet]. Fatsecret.co.id. 2020 [cited 7 June 2020]. Available from: https://www.fatsecret.co.id/kalori-gizi/indomie/mi-goreng/1-bungkus
4. Koswara S. Teknologi Pengolahan Mie [Internet]. 2009 [cited 7 June 2020]. Available from: http://tekpan.unimus.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Teknologi-Pengolahan-Mie-teori-dan-praktek.pdf
5. Wibowo A. Sama-Sama Mie, Lantas Apa Perbedaan Antara Udon, Ramen, dan Soba? | Infia.co [Internet]. Infia.co. 2019 [cited 7 June 2020]. Available from: https://www.infia.co/news/sama-sama-mie-lantas-apa-perbedaan-antara-udon-r_nnObKMZD

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